Returning to Lama d’Antico, it was definitely one of the biggest settlements and villages where nothing was missing: cave houses with rooms and cisterns to collect rainwater, animal shelters, crushers for the pressing of the olives, spaces to accommodate the workplace and the magnificent church, completely painted.

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It is a true cathedral with a central dome, one of the largest rural churches in Apulia. Inside you enter through a monumental gateway that leads into a distinct room in two aisles with apses. Originally the church was completely frescoed but today most of the paint is faded. It can still be seen on the central apse a bezel Maiestas Domains and on the left wall the figure of the Apostle John the Evangelist who blesses the Greek.

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Also in the Archaeological Park of Lama d’Antico, it includes the church of San Lorenzo in which is preserved iconostasis and especially strongly linked to the religious functions of greek-orthodox rite. And it is precisely here that depicts the two Fathers: Saint Basil the Orthodox Church and Saint Benedict of Latin. Significant other wall paintings that are painted with artistic ability and accuracy for use of colors and traits intensely expressive faces that make this church one of the most fascinating examples of Byzantine art in the canyons of Fasano.

Among the most interesting houses is that of St. Andrew and St. Procopius, in the territory of Monopoli, which is accessed from Masseria Rosati. In lama of Assunta recognize numerous cave dwellings, a mill, a crusher and other premises to commercial use and the crypt church with a facade carved with great care and skill. Very interesting is the long inscription in Latin above the bezel that date the church 1073.

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The bema of the church is unusual in the area because it has a double high stone separation of 50 cm with two openings in the direction of the apses. Regarding the murals  is still visible a Saint George on horseback, the saint of the Crusades. In the paintings of St. Procopius we perceive the transition from the Byzantine tradition in a new pictorial current Western-inspired Norman-Swabian matrix.

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Anjou fees are already present in the representation of Saint Eligio painted with bright colors and the symbols assigned to him by tradition as the patron saint of blacksmiths: two nails, a hammer, pliers, a horseshoe and a little black mule.

Our tour ends in the blade near the Masseria Ottava Grande (Provincial Road 10, Contrada Eighth, Montalbano di Fasano – tel. +39 320 6844285 – www.masseriaottavagrande.it – info@masseriaottavagrande.it), a ravine by high rock walls with a large system caves, some of which used as oil mill consists of three large rooms and other small rooms and equipped with functioning grinder until the ’50s. In front of the farmhouse, the oldest example with fortified tower, the church of Saint Peter of the twelfth century – as the archaeologist Roberta Mussardo explains us, which in the meantime has come on us, – is a typical example of a domed building in axis, whose scheme became widespread in Puglia from the eighth to the thirteenth century.

The church is a little jewel in which the simple exterior architecture does not bode amplitude and inner wealth. Imposing pillars that jut upwards and support the arches of the three domes built with vaults. Later, St. Peter’s has been decorated with elegant floral patterns.

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It is noted that the building is back to being accessible thanks to Indelli family that owns it, after a long period of neglect. Apart from the church it was also recovered rural house that is located in the canyon beside which stand out an old “foggia” and a fragrant citrus grove enclosed by high walls covered in earthenware and with stone gutters to drain water tank.

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